#7 Short Film on a Shoe String: Cinematographer

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I’m an amateur photographer, as most off us are I guess, and  the cinematographer is in the same ball park but he knows all the rules, shots, angles and movements.

I was very lucky again to find a young enthusiast, who is a student at the music school, his name is Alexander, he is very, very good and keeps me on the right track.
We will take some time out together, to work out the  shot list for each scene, will keep you posted on that one. For now here is some info that helped me to understand the role of a cinematographer.

The Rule of Thirds
This is a general principle in photography, which is generally considered to make shots more appealing to the eye.  One can easily visualize this rule by taking a frame and dividing the horizontal piece into three equal sections then dividing the vertical in three equal sections.  This creates 9 equal sections.  Where these sections meet are the four points on the frame.  By aligning the central object into these points of the frame, instead of centring the object, you get more aesthetically and professional-looking
shots and it might better be used as a guideline, rather than an absolute rule.
Common uses of this rule in video are:

Basic Camera Shot types:
Extreme Wide Shots act to establish the area.
Wide Shots show the entire person or area.  They’re great for establishing the scene.
Medium Shots frame the subject from the waste up.  This is the most common shot and allows for hand gestures and motion.
Medium Close Ups shots show the subject in more detail and are often framed from just below the shoulders to the top of the head.
Close Ups show a particular part of your subject.  For people this usually means the shot frames just the head!
Extreme Close Ups are much tighter close-up shots in which you get detail greater than the human eye might be able to normally perceive.  An example of this shot might be of the mouth and eyes together

Advanced Camera Shot Types
Two Shot This is a shot of two people together. 
Cut Away Cutaways are used in the editing process to fill in footage which is different from the main action. 
Over the Shoulder Shots are shot from behind the person towards their subject.  Generally the frame is cut off just behind the ear, although there are several variations.
Point of View This is an effective shot that gives the audience the feel that you’re seeing it from the eyes of the performer.  It is taken from near the eye-level of the actor and shows what he might see.
Selective Focus By using a large aperture value (f/1.4, f/2.0) you will be able to create a shallow depth of field.  This effectively leaves one part of the frame in focus while blurring others, such as the foreground or background. 


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